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Soft Red Winter (US Wheat Associates 2017 Crop Quality Report)

By : US Wheat Associates

Low protein content, soft endosperm, red bran, weak gluten. Used in pastries, cakes, cookies, crackers, pretzels and flat breads. Can also be used for blending.

270 Samples Collected from elevators in 18  reporting areas.

Great Plains Analytical Laboratory in Kansas City, MO, collected the samples and conducted the quality analyses.

Test weight, moisture, protein, thousand kernel weight, wheat ash and falling number were determined on each sample. The remaining tests were determined on 18 composite samples. Results were weighted by estimated production for each reporting area and combined into Composite, East Coast and Gulf Port averages. Gulf Port States and East Coast states are highlighted on the map on page 39. The survey was expanded this year to include Alabama and Tennessee. The methods are described in the Analysis Methods section of this blog.

 Soft red winter wheat (SRW) is grown over a wide area of eastern United States. The area seeded to SRW in fall 2016 for the 2017 harvest is estimated by USDA at 5.6 million acres (2.3 million hectares), down from the year prior and well-below the 5-year average. The reduced area is attributed mainly to choices made by growers based on commodity prices. The 2017 SRW production, estimated at 7.9 million metric tons (MMT), is down from 9.4 MMT in 2016 and is well below the 5-year average. However, USDA estimates that the total SRW supply (excluding imports) for 2017/18 is slightly higher than 2016/17 because of large 2017/18 beginning stocks.
Soft Red Winter Production
Planting proceeded at a slightly slower than normal pace in fall 2016. However, the crop was in good condition by late fall with more than 90% of winter wheat rated fair to excellent in five of the six SRW survey states where wheat crop conditions are reported by USDA. While some of the southeastern region was dry through the winter months, ample rain in March through early June provided adequate moisture for crop development. The beginning of SRW harvest was delayed somewhat by rain, but once started, harvest progressed rapidly.

When analysis results are weighted by estimated state production, the average grade of all samples collected for the 2017 SRW harvest survey is U.S. No. 2. The weighted average test weight is 59.1 lb/bu above the 5-year average and the 58.6 lb/bu average of 2016. The Gulf Port average of 59.2 lb/bu is similar to the 2016 average and above the 5-year average of 58.6 lb/ bu. The East Coast test weight average of 58.6 lb/bu is above both last year and the 5-year average. The Gulf dockage value of 0.3% is lower than any recorded in the previous five years. Other grade factors, as well as moisture and dockage for both areas are similar to or better than the 5-year averages.
The Composite average wheat protein content of 9.5% (12% moisture basis) is similar to last year and only slightly below the 5-year average of 9.8%. The 2017 East Coast and Gulf Port protein averages are similar. However, the East Coast average protein of 9.4% is below the region’s 2016 and 5-year averages, while the Gulf Port average of 9.5% is above the region’s 2016 average of 9.1% and slightly below its 5-year average of 9.7%. The Composite average falling number of 319 sec is below 2016 but above the 5-year average and indicates a generally sound crop. Fewer than 20% of samples had a falling number below 300 sec in 2017, and only 4 of 270 were below 250 sec. The Composite DON average of 0.4 ppm is below the 2016 value of 0.6 ppm and well-below the 5-year average of 1.3 ppm, indicating that the crop sampled is relatively free of DON. The East Coast value of 0.8 ppm and the Gulf Port value of 0.3 ppm are both below last year’s values and 5-year averages.
Soft Red Winter Wheat Data (Test Weight, Hectoliter Weight, Moisture, Protein (12% MB), 1000 kernel weight and Falling Number

The Composite, East Coast and Gulf Port Buhler laboratory mill flour extraction averages are all above 2016 values, but below the respective 5-year averages. The Composite farinograph peak and absorption values are similar to 5-year averages, but the stability value of 2.2 min is slightly shorter than last year and the 5-year average. The Gulf Port peak and stability averages of 1.3 min and 2.4 min, respectively, are similar to last year and the 5-year averages, while the East Coast peak and stability values of 1.2 min and 1.7 min are both shorter than last year and the 5-year averages.  
The Composite and Gulf Port alveograph W values of 91 and 93, respectively, are higher than the 5-year averages of 80 and 79. The other Composite, East Coast and Gulf Port alveograph values are all similar to the respective 5-year averages, given the variability of alveograph analysis. The Composite and Gulf Port cookie spread ratios are lower than last year and the 5-year averages. Average loaf volumes are all similar to last year and the 5-year averages.

Although reduced planted area decreased 2017 SRW production, the crop had a generally favorable growing season and harvest conditions for both East Coast and Gulf Port states. Test weight is well above average and dockage is below average. The entire crop in the states sampled is largely free of sprout damage, and DON values are all below last year and the 5-year averages. Buyers are encouraged to review their quality specifications to ensure that their purchases meet their expectations.

Percentage of total US SW production by export tributary region
The export cargo data represent 86 sublot samples provided by USDA’s Federal Grain Inspection Service for Export for crop years 2016 and 2015 from Gulf of Mexico and East Coast ports. Grade data are the official grades on the individual sublots. Great Plains Analytical Laboratory conducted the milling and baking analyses
Harvest and Export Cargo Data Soft Red Winter Wheat

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